Are you going through problems? Or do you know of people undergoing a noticeable change in behavior and health? You or someone close to you might be in need of help. Dealing with stressful events in life could have drastic effects on your behavior and both physical and emotional health. Going through the difficult times in your life could eventually pave way to depression. It is a far-reaching matter and one that should be addressed as it may result to long-term psychological disorders.

Orienting yourself with these life-ruining instances that could befall a person is essential. By knowing the other faces of depression and grave cases caused by grief could as well enable you to identify people who may be in dire need of assistance.

“Depression is not only an experience in the mind; it is also an affliction of the body. There is a lack of energy, a painful heaviness; sadness and a grief that permeate to our marrow.” – Philip Martin

Let’s take a look at the different and not-so-common forms of depression that you should be aware of.

Major Depressive Disorder.

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Its other name is major depression. The condition involves experiencing low mood, loss of interest in daily activities, sleeping difficulties, weight loss or gain, feeling of guilt and worthlessness, inability to focus, suicidal thoughts. If you have five of the said symptoms for at least two weeks, consult your family or seek help from a professional. The condition could be mild, moderate or severe. Open up about your problems to people you trust.

Melancholia.

It is the highest form of major depression. It involves a complete loss of interest in everything observable. Nothing is of value to someone experiencing Melancholia. A victim lacks interest, curiosity, pleasure and concern in anything.

Psychotic Depression.

This form of depression involves a person losing track of reality. They experience episodes of hallucinations, and delusions, or having false beliefs about individuals or situations. Victims also show signs of paranoia. 

Manic Depression.

This is simply known as the Bipolar Disorder. The condition is rare and mostly hereditary. Up to 2% of the population have this form of depression. People who experience Bipolar Disorder go through three periods: depression, normal mood, and mania. Mania is the state of being overly happy and energetic to being irritable and frustrated. Victims have a drastic change of mood from one to another. This kind of depression is usually misdiagnosed and confused with major depression, schizophrenia or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) because they have closely exhibited characteristics.

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Dysthymic Disorder.

It is otherwise known as Persistent Depressive Disorder. People suffering from this kind of depression show mild to moderate state of depression. However, to compensate for its mildness, it lasts as long as two years. The condition has a lesser degree than major depression but persistent enough to last for years.

Peripartum.

Expectant women experience this form of depression that lasts up to the succeeding years after childbirth. Since it lasts long, it affects not just the mother but her relationship with her child as well. This is confused with what the doctors term as “baby blues” which affects 80% of women immediately after childbirth. The cause is the stress from pregnancy and difficulty of adjusting to a new lifestyle of having a baby around.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).

It is a kind of depression triggered by season, usually winter months. The victim experiences a low and depressing mood, weight gain or loss, sleepiness or insomnia. The symptoms fade away when another season begins. Its causes are still unclear, but it is said to be affected by varied light exposure resulting from changing seasons.

Cyclothymic Disorder.

This is a milder form of Manic Depression or Bipolar disorder which exhibits symptoms more irregularly and for shorter periods. The span of the fluctuating moods occur and reoccur for two years, but with different and longer intervals that are not fit for Bipolar Disorder diagnosis.

Being aware of several forms of depression could save you from handling your emotions well and live a healthy state of mind, body, and soul.

“If depression is creeping up and must be faced, learn something about the nature of the beast: You may escape without a mauling.” Dr. R. W. Shepherd

 

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